Utama Bilik (80) What is Islam? Class 4 : Tafseer Sura Maryam Verse 12-21

Class 4 : Tafseer Sura Maryam Verse 12-21


Assamualikum wr wt

Maryam 12..

Bismillah ArRahman ArRahim

Allahumma rabbana zidna ilma. Allahumma rabbana ihdinassira tolmustakim. Amma ba’du

Surah Maryam, Verse 12:

يَا يَحْيَىٰ خُذِ الْكِتَابَ بِقُوَّةٍ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الْحُكْمَ صَبِيًّا

O Yahya! take hold of the Book with strength, and We granted him wisdom while yet a child

Allah onto u all. O Yahya/John as.. hold fast unto the divine writ with strenght……


Hold fast … means learn thoroughly and preach….. the Torah.. And We granted him hukma…. wisdom … means made him a prophet..He give him the wisdom to understand the teachings of Torah…. made him a prophet. Learning Quran and hadith.. we need to seek doa.. rabbi zidni ilma…. O my Lord, grant me knowledge to understand tafsir and hadith..

Surah Maryam, Verse 13:

وَحَنَانًا مِّن لَّدُنَّا وَزَكَاةً وَكَانَ تَقِيًّا

And tenderness from Us and purity, and he was one who guarded (against evil),

Missing tafsir … while Yahya was a little boy. Verse 13. And We gave him a feeling of pity or tenderness …for all beings.. and purity… against shrik/syirik.. in his beliefs…And he was a devout …follower of Torah…. he was a practicing follower of Moses

Another tafsir… he was guarded against evil… all sins

Surah Maryam, Verse 14:

وَبَرًّا بِوَالِدَيْهِ وَلَمْ يَكُن جَبَّارًا عَصِيًّا

And dutiful to his parents, and he was not insolent, disobedient.

And he was kind/obedient/ dutiful to his ..old… parents. And he was not overbearing or insolent and rebellious or disobedient to his parents.

Surah Maryam, Verse 15:

وَسَلَامٌ عَلَيْهِ يَوْمَ وُلِدَ وَيَوْمَ يَمُوتُ وَيَوْمَ يُبْعَثُ حَيًّا

And peace on him on the day he was born, and on the day he dies, and on the day he is raised to life

And peace be upon him the day he was born…. born 6 months older then Isa/Jesus.. And the day he died… he was killed as a shahid…And they day he will be raised to life. In the hereafter. The story of Maryam.. and the miraclious birth of Isa a.s. Maryam was raised by Zakariya as since child.. placed in a room in masjidil aqsa… given by her mother as a nazar to the Lord. She was about 18 when Gabriel as come to meet her.. after she took a bath…her period.

Surah Maryam, Verse 16:

وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ مَرْيَمَ إِذِ انتَبَذَتْ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا مَكَانًا شَرْقِيًّا

And mention Marium in the Book when she drew aside from her family to an eastern place;

And give a lecture …to all man.. about Maryam in this book… quran.. Ie when she withdrew herself from her family to a place in the east… east of masjidil aqsa.. to wash herself.

Surah Maryam, Verse 17:

فَاتَّخَذَتْ مِن دُونِهِمْ حِجَابًا فَأَرْسَلْنَا إِلَيْهَا رُوحَنَا فَتَمَثَّلَ لَهَا بَشَرًا سَوِيًّا

So she took a veil (to screen herself) from them; then We sent to her Our spirit, and there appeared to her a well-made man.

So she placed a scrèen .. while she was bathing.. from them.. people.. It was when We sent to her Our spirit / holy ghost.. Gabriel a.s. Gabriel appeared to her as a man… Gabriel when he meet our Nabi pbuh.. also appeàr in the form of a man. As a woman who is pure… she became scared… as no man was near her except her uncle Zakariya.

Surah Maryam, Verse 18:

قَالَتْ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِالرَّحْمَٰنِ مِنكَ إِن كُنتَ تَقِيًّا

She said: Surely I fly for refuge from you to the Beneficent Allah, if you are one guarding (against evil).

She said. I seek refuge from you .. to Allah.. ArRahman, from you. If you do fear Allah.. you must go away from me.

Surah Maryam, Verse 19:

قَالَ إِنَّمَا أَنَا رَسُولُ رَبِّكِ لِأَهَبَ لَكِ غُلَامًا زَكِيًّا

He said: I am only a messenger of your Lord: That I will give you a pure boy.

Gabriel said…. No, I am not a man but an angel…. I am only a messenger from Allah……Allah wanted to give you…. that I will give you a pure son.. free from any sins…


Angels are Allah’s servents who obey only Allah’s command. Hence they will never do anything except follow Allah’s command. We can say anything to them.. eg to rakib and atib besides us. They wont answer you or give signs if u do good deeds or sins. Anyone who believes that they can call the angels .. unseen/ ghaib.. had done shrik to Allah. And there are many in malaysia who do this. So when Gabriel said I will give you a pure son… means… Allah will give you a son


Surah Maryam, Verse 20:

قَالَتْ أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لِي غُلَامٌ وَلَمْ يَمْسَسْنِي بَشَرٌ وَلَمْ أَكُ بَغِيًّا

She said: When shall I have a boy and no mortal has yet touched me, nor have I been unchaste?

Maryam said.. in surprise… she knew about Gabriel from the teachings of Moses. How can I have a son.. as I am not married… And no man has yet touched me, nor have I unchaste?

Surah Maryam, Verse 21:

قَالَ كَذَٰلِكِ قَالَ رَبُّكِ هُوَ عَلَيَّ هَيِّنٌ وَلِنَجْعَلَهُ آيَةً لِّلنَّاسِ وَرَحْمَةً مِّنَّا وَكَانَ أَمْرًا مَّقْضِيًّا

He said: Even so; your Lord says: It is easy to Me: and that We may make him a sign to men and a mercy from Us, and it is a matter which has been decreed.

Gabriel said. So.. it will be.. And your Lord says… it is easy for me…


When Allah decided to do something.. then its done. He need have to have a blueprint or copy from anything. And that … by creating Isa/Jesus without a father… We may make him a sign unto men… that Allah is your Lord Creator and you will come to know Allah. Your Lor Creator.. that you must obey His every command. And a mercy from Us… that men had been astray from the true path. So that you will repent to your sins


And …you Maryam dont appeal to my command …And that the matter so decreed. Continue tomorrow about the birth of Isa as

Wabillahitaufiq walhamdulillah hirabbilalamin

Artikel sebelumnyaPengajian 3 : Qawa’id Fiqh
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